恽代英纪念馆—英文讲解第三期
2019-09-23      阅读次数: 13

 

恽代英虽没有上过初中,但天资聪颖、勤奋好学。1913年,他以优异的成绩考入武昌中华大学,在大学里的他学习刻苦,名列前茅,同时自学德文和日文。

Yun Daiying was talented and industrious, though he never attended a middle school. In 1913, he was admitted to Wuchang Zhonghua University with excellent grades, where he studied hard and was one of the top students. He also taught himself German and Japanese at the same time.

私立武昌中华大学

1914年的10月,第一次世界大战爆发仅仅三个月恽代英就在上海《东方杂志》上发表了《义务论》。

In October 1914, only three months after the breakout of the First World War, Yun Daiying published “Deontology”in the Oriental Magazine in Shanghai.

恽代英在《东方杂志》上发表的《义务论》(局部)

1915年下半年开始,一份新创办的杂志进入20岁的恽代英的视野。这份叫《新青年》的杂志,迅速受到当时很多青年的追捧。恽代英积极为《新青年》撰写稿件,还主动和杂志主编陈独秀取得联系。

From the second half of 1915, a newly published magazine entered the vision of the 20-year-old Yun Daiying. The magazine was called La Jeunesse, which soon became popular among the Chinese youth. Yun Daiying actively contributed to La Jeunesse and took the initiative to contact Chen Duxiu, editor-in-chief of this magazine.

陈独秀

《新青年》杂志封面及恽代英发表的文章(局部)

在校期间,恽代英和冼百言、黄负生等人发起成立了互助社。这个互助社是搀杂着空想社会主义和无政府主义的混合体,是五四时期全国最早的进步社团之一。

At university, Yun Daiying founded the Mutual Aid Association, together with Xian Baiyan, Huang Fusheng and others. Though a mixture of utopian socialism and anarchism, it was one of the earliest progressive societies nationwide during the May Fourth Movement period.

互助社成员合影。前排左起:杨济州、杨理恒、恽代英、林育南、萧鸿举、刘仁静。后排左起:郑兴焕、郑尊芳、沈光耀、魏以新

1915年,恽代英与沈葆秀结婚,虽是旧式婚姻,但两人朝夕相处,感情融洽,婚后生活十分幸福。不幸的是,19182月沈葆秀死于难产,悲痛欲绝的恽代英为自己取名“永鳏痴郎”(丧妻的痴心男子),并陆续写了四封家书表达对妻子的思念之情。恽代英对亡妻的真挚感情,在这藐视妇女、欺压妇女的封建社会是何等的高贵,是闪光的品德。1927116日,恽代英和革命伴侣、沈葆秀四妹沈葆英结婚,永鳏痴郎终于结束十年独身生涯。

In 1915, Yun Daiying married Shen Baoxiu. Despite the old-style marriage, they had a good relationship and led a happy life. Unfortunately, in February 1918, Shen Baoxiu died of dystocia. The grief-stricken Yun Daiying named himself “eonian spoony widower”, and continuously wrote four letters home in memory of his late wife. Yun Daiying’s sincere love to his wife was so noble and fabulous in that feudal society when women were despised and oppressed. On January 16, 1927, Yun Daiying married Shen Baoying, Shen Baoxiu’s younger sister and Yun Daiying’s revolutionary companion, which finally ended his 10-year single life of an “eonian spoony widower”.

沈葆秀

沈葆英(沈葆秀四妹)

音频连接:恽代英第三期.mp3

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